Sports & Exercise
Whether you’re a Division 1 athlete, play in a club sport, or just like hitting the treadmill at the gym, it’s great that you’re trying to fit exercise into your busy schedule. We know that diabetes adds a whole additional dimension to staying fit, so check out the resources below to supplement what you already know - and learn some things you may not!
I’m about to exercise, but I just checked my blood sugar and it’s low. What is the best thing to do?
Treat the low BG and wait 30 minutes to ensure the low has come up. Take a 15g carb snack if you still plan to work-out once the BG level has returned to normal, and keep a simple carb source with you to treat low during the work-out if necessary. Gatorade or a sweetened sports drink can work very well here. If you plan to workout longer than 45-60 minutes you may need an additional 15g carb snack to ensure BG doesn’t drop again.
What about if it’s high?
If BG is higher than 250 at the start of a work-out it’s important to test for ketones. If you work-out with moderate to high ketones, BG can climb higher and it can be dangerous. If no ketones are present, then the nature of the exercise will typically drop BG. Do not take a correction bolus of insulin for high BG before a workout – the exercise will enable this insulin to work faster and harder and it’s more likely to have a low BG during or immediately following the workout.
What is the perfect blood sugar range to be in before I work out?
How often do you recommend working out to maximize blood sugar control?
What are the best kinds of workouts?
If I am eating before, after, or during a workout, what are the best foods to eat?